A 18650 lithium-ion battery provides a specific voltage to power the device and function properly. The higher its voltage, the more powerful that battery will be. It's essential to know that when charging its battery, you should consider the charger's 4.2 voltage and the battery's voltage after taking off the charger. Once you take it off, the charge decreases until it settles at its resting voltage. This blog will tell you the voltage of a fully charged 18650 battery.
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18650 max voltage: what is the average operating voltage?
A fully charged 18650 battery typically has 3.7 volts that can provide up to 1800mAh to 3500mAh (milliampere-hour). It's a safe voltage suitable for powering high-drain devices, such as laptops, hybrid cars, and power tools.
Also, the 18650 battery cells find themselves at 4.0 to 4.18 volts when they come off the charger and are ready for use. A 4.00V-4.09V means the battery is slightly undercharged. A 4.10V–4.15V is a complete charge, and when it reaches a 4.16V–4.20V reading, the voltage is higher than the original input.
The battery voltage depends on when the charger decides to cut off power. The lower the cut-off current, the higher the voltage. Some batteries are designed with the capability to be charged at higher voltages, up to about 4.35V.
How does voltage matter to consumers?
The voltage of a battery is essential to consumers because it quickly determines the battery recharges; whether your device will charge or discharge properly. The voltage delivers energy per unit of time.
To understand that concept better, think about filling a bucket (garden hose) with water from a faucet (tap). The time it will take to fill the bucket depends on how much water you turn on at once; more enormous bursts will fill up the bucket faster than smaller ones.
What will happen if the 18650 will discharge below 3V?
If the 18650 battery discharges below 3V, it causes permanent damage to the battery. If a battery can no longer produce sufficient voltage, it will eventually reach zero. Thus, to maximize the lifespan of your 18650 battery, it's best not to let them dip below 3.3 volts.
To sum up, the rechargeable 18650 lithium-ion battery has a voltage ranging from 3.7 volts to 4.2 volts when fully charged, depending on how long you wait before recharging it and what kind of charger you use. Knowing what voltage works for your 18650 battery ensures you get the correct rechargeable battery that won't break down quickly after repeated charging cycles. It also guarantees that it won't damage your device or shorten its lifespan.