Batteries are an essential part of our everyday lives. We use them to power everything, from cell phones to cars. But how long do they last? And what can we do to make them last longer? In this post, we’ll explore the lifespan of lithium batteries and some ways to extend their life.
Lithium-Ion batteries are very popular nowadays due to their high energy density and low self-discharge rate. However, like all batteries, they have a limited lifespan and must be replaced eventually. A lithium-ion battery has an anticipated life of two to three years or 300 to 500 charge cycles, whichever comes first. A charge cycle is a period of use that includes entirely charging, fully discharging, and fully charging. After a battery has reached the end of its useful life, it will no longer be able to hold a charge and must be replaced. Fortunately, Lithium-Ion batteries are relatively inexpensive and easy to find. By knowing the estimated lifespan of your battery, you can plan and be prepared for when it eventually needs to be replaced.
Table of Contents
- Do lithium batteries expire if not used?
- What are the disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries?
- Can you overcharge a lithium battery?
- How do you extend the life of a lithium-ion battery?
- What happens to a lithium battery when it dies?
- Should lithium batteries be stored fully charged?
- Is there a battery better than lithium-ion?
Do lithium batteries expire if not used?
Even if a lithium-ion battery is not used, it will steadily self-discharge over time. This is because the internal chemical reactions that provide the battery with its electricity occur even when the battery is not linked to anything. So, if you have an extra battery that you aren’t using, keep it in a cool, dry place with a moderate temperature. It will also help if you try to maintain the battery charged at around 50%. This will help extend its life and guarantee it is ready to use when needed.
What are the disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries?
Lithium-ion batteries have several advantages over other types of batteries but also have some drawbacks. One of the main disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries is that they are fragile and require a protection circuit to maintain safe operation. Without a protection circuit, the battery can be damaged by overcharging or overheating, leading to fires or explosions. In addition, lithium-ion batteries are not well suited for high-drain applications such as power tools or electric vehicles. They also have a relatively short lifespan, so they must be regularly replaced. Despite these disadvantages, lithium-ion batteries are the most popular for portable electronic devices due to their superior performance and relatively low cost.
Can you overcharge a lithium battery?
Yes, a lithium-ion battery can be overcharged. When charging, lithium-ion batteries must be continuously monitored to avoid overcharging, which can create unstable conditions inside the battery, increase pressure, and cause thermal runaway. A lithium-ion battery pack incorporates a protective circuit that is meant to cut off the flow of ions when the temperature rises too high, or the pressure becomes too high. However, if the battery is overcharged, this protection circuit may be unable to avoid a deadly scenario known as thermal runaway. A thermal runaway is a circumstance in which the temperature of the battery rapidly rises, resulting in the release of enormous amounts of energy. This can result in a fire or an explosion. Lithium-ion batteries must be charged using a charger built specifically for that type of battery to avoid overcharging.
How do you extend the life of a lithium-ion battery?
A lithium-ion battery will last the longest if it’s kept between 20% and 80% of its full charge. That means it’s best to unplug the device as soon as it reaches 100% and plugs it in before the battery drops below 20%. Both extremely high and low “states of charge” stress batteries. Keeping the battery at 100% for long periods can shorten its lifespan while letting it drop too low will also reduce its capacity over time. Generally, it’s best to charge the battery when it’s around 50% empty. However, if you know you won’t use the device for a while, it’s better to charge it to only 80%. This will help keep the battery in good condition and extend its life.
What happens to a lithium battery when it dies?
Lithium batteries are widely used because they are rechargeable and have a high energy density. However, all batteries will eventually end their working life and need to be recycled. The first step when recycling lithium batteries is to separate the valuable materials such as cobalt and lithium salts, stainless steel, copper, aluminum, and plastic. These materials can then be reused to create new batteries or other products. In some cases, the lithium gold may be extracted from the battery and used in jewelry or other applications. Ultimately, recycling lithium batteries helps ensure that valuable materials are not wasted and that we can continue to benefit from using these powerful devices.
Should lithium batteries be stored fully charged?
Lithium batteries are becoming increasingly popular due to their high energy density and long life span. However, it is important to note that these batteries must be stored correctly to maximize their performance. Lithium-ion batteries should be stored at 30-50% maximum charge to prevent degradation. However, if you know that you will not be using the battery for several months, it is best to store it at 100% charge. This will help to preserve the battery’s capacity over time. Ultimately, proper storage is essential for maximizing the lifespan of your lithium battery.
Is there a battery better than lithium-ion?
Lithium-ion batteries are currently the industry standard for powering small electronic devices like phones and laptops and larger items like electric cars. However, solid-state batteries have the potential to be even better than lithium-ion. Solid-state batteries are made with a solid electrolyte instead of a liquid one, making them less likely to leak or catch fire. In addition, solid-state batteries can be packed closer together, leading to more power in a smaller space. As electric cars become more popular, the demand for safer, more powerful batteries will continue to grow. Solid-state batteries may eventually become the new industry standard, eclipsing lithium-ion technology.
Lithium-ion batteries are powerful, long-lasting, and versatile. However, it is important to note that they must be used and stored correctly to maximize performance. Keeping the battery between 20% and 80% of its full charge will help extend its lifespan. In addition, recycling lithium batteries is a great way to ensure that valuable materials are not wasted. Finally, if you know you will not be using the battery for some time, it is best to store it at 100% charge. By following these simple tips, you can help to keep your lithium-ion battery in top condition.