Cómo reacondicionar las baterías de ciclo profundo en casa

Batteries, like any other electrical component, experience wear and tear. But before they die, sometimes they go into sleep or recovery mode. Here are a few simple steps on how can you recondition AGM battery at home. Let’s see how that is done.
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Hay una nueva forma de devolver la vida a casi cualquier tipo de batería vieja... para que vuelva a ser como nueva. Este método funciona con casi todos los tipos de baterías que existen... y es sencillo y rápido. Y esto nuevo video de presentación te muestra cómo.

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A deep cycle battery can be reconditioned using distilled water, baking soda and Epsom salts at home. Start by draining the battery acid. Then, heat some distilled water and add the Epsom salt to it. Fill the battery cells with this solution. Cargar la batería agotada for 24 hours with the caps off and check the readings. Baterías de ciclo profundo, also called lead-acid batteries, are likely to die before you expect them to, usually because they have been used continuously. Typically, you must recondition them once a year to make sure they run efficiently. Here’s how.

Cómo reacondicionar las baterías: ¿Se puede reacondicionar una batería de ciclo profundo?

Deep cycle battery reconditioning is indeed doable. And it is quite easy to do that too. These batteries are usually used in recreational vehicles like campers and boats because they are required to be powered only for a short period of time. They come in variants of 6 and 12 voltios. So, check the voltage of the battery you want to reacondicionar. Now, let’s get started.

¿Cómo restaurar una batería de ciclo profundo?

Para reacondicionar ciclo profundo battery, you will need a few tools and some household products. Make sure you have them all before you get started. Here’s the checklist.
  • Gafas de seguridad 
  • Guantes de seguridad
  • Agua destilada
  • Sal de Epsom
  • Bicarbonato de sodio
  • Un destornillador plano
  • Un embudo
  • Cargador de baterías
  • La propia batería agotada
Paso 1: Usando un probador de carga, obtenga una lectura en el carga en su batería muerta. This device is used to measure the amperes produced by the battery. The result will be poor but it will give you a sense of the current state of your battery.A good La batería debe producir una carga alta so that the engine of your vehicle (say an RV) can get started. This is described as CCA or amperios de arranque en frío. If the dial of the load tester is in the green area marked as ‘OK’, you are good to go. If it is in the red zone, you need to recondition it. Paso 2: Clean the terminals and the surface of the battery with a tissue or a dry cloth to remove any dirt or debris on it. If you are dealing with an old battery, you are likely to see some corrosion in the form of a white powder on the surface.Before you start the process of reconditioning, make sure you wear safety gloves and goggles. For the purpose of cleaning, you can also make a quick cleaning agent by mixing water and baking powder. Paso 3: Gira las tapas de la batería para aflojarlas. Dependiendo del modelo, es posible que tengas que utilizar un destornillador plano para realizar el trabajo. Paso 4: You will see acid inside the battery which must be removed. Make sure you don’t get any of it on your skin or clothes as it will burn because, you know, it is acid. Paso 5: Elimine el ácido de forma segura. Paso 6: Mix baking soda with the distilled water. For every gallon of water, you must add 10 ounces of baking soda. Ideally, you must do this in small portions while making sure that the baking soda is being dissolved. This is a strong cleaning agent and is known to be of great help in all kinds of cleaning processes. Using this mixture you will clean the insides of the battery. Paso 7: Slowly pour the baking soda and water solution into all the cells of the battery using a funnel. Once the cells are filled, put back the battery caps and shake it for approximately 30 seconds. Remove the caps of the battery and get rid of the solution. Paso 8: Now, add Epsom salt to distilled water. For this step, you must heat the distilled water so that the salt dissolves easily. For every gallon of water, you must add 15 ounces of Epsom salt. This solution must also be prepared in small amounts like the baking soda and water solution. Paso 9: Vierta la solución en todas las celdas de la batería. Paso 10: Now, using a battery charger, charge your dead battery for the next 24 hours without putting the caps back on. This is because sometimes the liquid might overflow while it is charging because of the heat it produces. Paso 11: After the said 24 hours, take another reading of your battery. If the process worked, you will see an increase in the power of the battery.If you want to take it up a notch, you can charge the battery for another 24 hours by placing the charger in modo de goteo. You are likely to see the Epsom salt and water solution overflowing again.In that case, disconnect the battery from the charger, wipe the cells clean and refill them with the solution as needed. Don’t forget to put your safety gear back on. Take another stab at the reading and you should see better values. You should also take the battery to the load tester and check the amperes. Paso 12: Now drain the battery until it gets to a 10-volt reading and charge it to the maximum if you want to increase the CCA. Este proceso se denomina ciclo de la batería. Paso 13: Even when the battery is at 100 percent, it is not uncommon to see some of the solution overflow. With your safety gear on, wipe off the excess liquid on the surface and check the amperes and voltage. Refurbished deep cycle batteries can restored back their original performance and usefulness.

Preguntas frecuentes

¿Cómo reacondicionar las baterías en casa?

Reconditioning batteries is a great way to get them working like new again. It involves removing any dirt or other substances that may be interfering with its operation, then running it through an electrical cycle to clean out any residual material that didn't get removed during manufacture. The process can be repeated until the battery reaches its full capacity once again. This is especially useful if you have old coche batteries lying around that aren't being used anymore. You'll always want to wear safety goggles when performing this procedure though, for safety reasons.

¿Cómo reacondicionar una batería de plomo?

You can recondition ácido de plomo batteries by first fully charging the battery, then slowly discharging it over a period of several hours. Be sure to discharge the battery all the way to zero volts (or as close as possible) then recharge it again. Repeat this process several times. This reconditioning process will cleanse the lead sulfate deposits from the plates and return the battery to its original condition.

¿Cómo reacondicionar las baterías muertas?

A dead battery can be reconditioned by using a battery charger to bring it back to life. Once it is fully charged, remove the battery from the charger and let it sit for about 5 minutes. Then, reattach the battery to the charger and let it charge for an additional hour. This should be enough to bring your dead battery back to life.

Cómo reacondicionar baterías viejas

There are a few ways to recondition old batteries. One is to use a battery desulfator. A battery desulfator uses pulsed current to remove the sulfur from the battery plates, which restores the battery to its original condition. You can also try using a battery rejuvenator, which is a device that sends a high-frequency AC signal through the battery. This signal breaks down the crystalline structure of the lead sulfate deposits on the battery plates, which restores lost capacity and allows for more charging and discharging cycles. Finally, you can try using a Battery Rejuvenation Technique, which involves boiling Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) in water and then pouring it over the corroded areas of the battery. This technique dissolves the lead sulfate deposits, which restores battery function. No matter what method you choose, it's important to be patient and let the battery fully charge and discharge a few times before using it again. It may also take a while for the battery to reach its full capacity. So, if you need a working battery immediately, it might be mejor to buy a new one. But if you're willing to wait, reconditioning an old battery can save you some money in the long run. Just be sure to follow the instructions carefully and take your time so that you don't damage the battery further.

¿Cómo puedo saber si mi batería de ciclo profundo está mal?

You know a battery is dead when it has a damaged cell. You will know that’s the case if the voltage is fine when the battery is fully charged but when it is using power, it drops drastically. These are hard to repair which means you will need to get new batteries. If the carga de una batería de ciclo profundo is less than 10 volts, it is tough to recondition it. This ocurre cuando la batería se ha dejado en el almacén durante demasiado tiempo.

¿Cómo cargar una batería de ciclo profundo muerta?

La mayoría de los plomos modernos baterías de ácido have a 12-volt charge. If the battery is not overly sulfated, there are a few ways to bring it back to life. Sulfation is when the plates of the battery develop sulfated oxide on the surface because they have not been used for too long. If this is the case, it will take anywhere from three to 20 cycles to be revived. Even then, they will not reach their original 100 percent capacity. Otherwise, you can connect a battery of the same capacity to the dead battery and revive it. Turn the low voltage switch off and connect the terminal negativo of the good battery to the negative of the dead battery using jumper cables. Conectar la batería agotada to a charger and switch it on. Keep an eye on the dead battery’s voltage using a voltmeter till it reaches 11.5 volts. Remove the good battery and keep charging the dead battery to the maximum. Make sure the battery does not overheat and that the voltmeter reading doesn’t go higher than 15 volts. Disconnect the charger and leave the battery for about four hours. Check the readings again to see if it is 12.8 volts.

¿Cuánto dura una batería de ciclo profundo reacondicionada?

This depends on usage but a new one is meant to last anywhere for two to eight years. A reconditioned deep cycle batería utilizada en un coche can go on for another year. And you can do this two or three times under normal circumstances. But all of this depends on the type of battery you are reconditioning, how many times you have reconditioned it and what you are using the battery for.

¿Cómo devolver la vida a una batería de ciclo profundo?

If your deep cycle battery is dead, there's no need to despair - you can bring it back to life with a little bit of effort. Here's what you'll need to do:1. Clean the terminals and posts. This will help ensure that electricity can flow freely into and out of the battery.2. Charge the battery using a trickle charger or a solar charger. Be sure to follow the instructions that come with your charger carefully.3. Once the battery is charged, test it by attaching it to an inverter and seeing if it powers on. If not, try charging it again - sometimes batteries just need a little extra oomph to get going again.If you put in a little bit of work, you can usually revive a dead deep cycle battery. Just be sure to take care of it properly afterwards so that it doesn't die again!

¿Se pueden reacondicionar las baterías de gel de ciclo profundo?

Yes, deep cycle gel batteries can be reconditioned! In fact, this is a great way to extend the life of your battery and get more bang for your buck. Here's how you do it: 1. Disconnect the battery from all electronics and remove the caps on the top. 2. Pour distilled water into each cell until it's about two-thirds full. (Make sure you don't go over this or you'll risk spilling acid on yourself.) 3. Put the caps back on and shake the battery up and down for a few minutes to mix the water with the acid. 4. Let it sit for 24 hours so that the water can soak in. 5. After 24 hours, reconnect the battery to your electronics and see if it's mantener una carga.

¿Se pueden reacondicionar las baterías de gel de ciclo profundo?

It is important to discharge a gel battery as much as possible and then charge it very slowly in order for the cells inside of your device. This will help remove any sulfation that has built up on the plates. Once the battery is discharged, you can then use a reconditioning charger to bring the battery back to life. If you don't have access to a reconditioning charger, you can try using a low-voltage power supply or even a solar panel. Just be sure not to exceed the voltage rating of the battery, or you could damage it permanently.

Sobre el autor, Phil Borges

Phil Borges es un aficionado a las baterías. Ha escrito mucho sobre baterías y nada le gusta más que hablar de las últimas innovaciones del sector. Conoce a fondo el funcionamiento de las baterías y siempre está buscando nuevas formas de mejorar su rendimiento.